Table of Contents

1. Science and Sustainability       

Our Island, Earth   

Environmental Science     

The Nature of Science       

Seeking a Sustainable Future       


2. Earth’s Physical Systems 

Matter, Chemistry, and the Environment  

Energy: An Introduction   

Geology: The Physical Basis for Environmental Science       

Geologic and Natural Hazards     


3. Evolution and Population Ecology   

Evolution: The Source of Earth’s Biodiversity    

Ecology and the Organism  

Population Ecology  

Conserving Biodiversity   


4. Species Interactions and Community Ecology  

Species Interactions 

Ecological Communities   

Earth’s Biomes      


5. Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology       

Earth’s Environmental Systems   


Biogeochemical Cycles     


6. Ethics, Economics, and Sustainable Development     

Environmental Ethics       

Economics and the Environment

Sustainable Development 


7. Environmental Policy   

Environmental Policy: An Overview       

U.S. Environmental Law and Policy

International Environmental Policy        

Approaches to Environmental Policy      


8. Human Population        

Our World at Nearly 8 Billion      


Population and Society     


9. The Underpinnings of Agriculture      

Resources and Services for Agriculture  

Soil: A Foundation of Agriculture

Water for Agriculture       

Nutrients for Plants 

Pollination for Farming    

Preserving Genetic Diversity       

Conserving Soil and Land Resources      


10. Making Agriculture Sustainable        

The Race to Feed the World

Raising Animals for Food 

Controlling Pests and Weeds       

Genetically Modified Food  

Organic Agriculture 

Sustainable Food Production       


11. Biodiversity and Its Conservation     

Life’s Diversity on Earth   

Benefits of Biodiversity    

Biodiversity Loss and Extinction 

Conservation Biology: The Search for Solutions


12.Forests, Forest Management, and Protected Areas 

Forest Ecosystems and Forest Resources  

Forest Loss

Forest Management 

Parks and Protected Areas  


13. The Urban Environment        

Our Urbanizing World      


Creating Livable Cities      

Urban Sustainability


14. Environmental Health and Toxicology

Environmental Health      

Toxic Substances and Their Effects on Organisms  

Toxic Substances and Their Effects on Ecosystems

Studying Effects of Hazards

Risk Assessment and Risk Management 

Philosophical and Policy Approaches     


15. Freshwater Systems and Resources 

Freshwater Systems

Human Activities Affect Waterways       

Solutions to Depletion of Fresh Water    

Freshwater Pollution and Its Control      


16. Marine and Coastal Systems and Resources

The Oceans

Marine and Coastal Ecosystems  

Marine Pollution   

Emptying the Oceans        

Marine Conservation


17. The Atmosphere, Air Quality, and Air Pollution Control     

The Atmosphere    

Outdoor Air Quality 

Ozone Depletion and Recovery    

Addressing Acid Deposition 

Indoor Air Quality 


18. Global Climate Change       

Our Dynamic Climate        

Studying Climate Change  

Impacts of Climate Change  

Responding to Climate Change    


19. Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency    

Sources of Energy 

Fossil Fuels: Their Formation, Extraction, and Use       

Reaching Further for Fossil Fuels

Addressing Impacts of Fossil Fuel Use    

Energy Efficiency and Conservation       


20. Conventional Energy Alternatives    

Alternatives to Fossil Fuels 

Nuclear Power       


Hydroelectric Power


21. New Renewable Energy Sources       

Shifting to Renewable Energy      

Solar Energy 

Wind Power  

Geothermal Energy  

Ocean Energy Sources      

Energy Storage      


22. Managing Our Waste  

Approaches to Waste Management

Municipal Solid Waste      

Industrial Solid Waste      

Hazardous Waste  


23. Minerals and Mining  

Earth’s Mineral Resources  

Mining Methods and Their Impacts

Toward Sustainable Mineral Use