Table of Contents

1. Problem Solving and Critical Thinking
1.1 Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
1.2 Estimation, Graphs, and Mathematical Models
1.3 Problem Solving

2. Set Theory
2.1 Basic Set Concepts
2.2 Subsets
2.3 Venn Diagrams and Set Operations
2.4 Set Operations and Venn Diagrams with Three Sets
2.5 Survey Problems

3. Logic
3.1 Statements, Negations, and Quantified Statements
3.2 Compound Statements and Connectives
3.3 Truth Tables for Negations, Conjunction, and Disjunction
3.4 Truth Tables for the Conditional and the Biconditional
3.5 Equivalent Statements and Variations of Conditional Statements
3.6 Negations of Conditional Statements and De Morgan's Laws
3.7 Arguments and Truth Tables
3.8 Arguments and Euler Diagrams

4. Number Representation and Calculation
4.1 Our Hindu-Arabic System and Early Positional Systems
4.2 Number Bases in Positional Systems
4.3 Computation in Positional Systems
4.4 Looking Back at Early Numeration Systems

5. Number Theory and the Real Number System
5.1 Number Theory, Prime and Composite Numbers
5.2 The Integers; Order of Operations
5.3 The Rational Numbers
5.4 The Irrational Numbers
5.5 Real Numbers and Their Properties
5.6 Exponents and Scientific Notation
5.7 Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences

6. Algebra: Equations and Inequalities
6.1 Algebraic Expressions and Formulas
6.2 Linear Equations in One Variable and Proportions
6.3 Applications of Linear Equations
6.4 Linear Inequalities in One Variable
6.5 Quadratic Equations

7. Algebra: Graphs, Functions, and Linear Systems
7.1 Graphing and Functions
7.2 Linear Functions and Their Graphs
7.3 Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables
7.4 Linear Inequalities in Two Variables
7.5 Linear Programming
7.6 Modeling Data: Exponential, Logarithmic, and Quadratic Functions

8. Consumer Mathematics and Financial Management
8.1 Percent, Sales Tax, and Income Tax
8.2 Simple Interest
8.3 Compound Interest
8.4 Annuities, Stocks, and Bonds
8.5 Installment Loans, Amortization, and Credit Cards

9. Measurement
9.1 Measuring Length; The Metric System
9.2 Measuring Area and Volume
9.3 Measuring Weight and Temperature

10. Geometry
10.1 Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles
10.2 Triangles
10.3 Polygons, Perimeter, and Tessellations
10.4 Area and Circumference
10.5 Volume
10.6 Right Triangle Trigonometry
10.7 Beyond Euclidean Geometry

11. Counting Methods and Probability Theory
11.1 The Fundamental Counting Principle
11.2 Permutations
11.3 Combinations
11.4 Fundamentals of Probability
11.5 Probability with the Fundamental Counting principle, Permutations, and Combinations
11.6 Events Involving Not and Or; Odds
11.7 Events Involving And; Conditional Probability
11.8 Expected Value

12. Statistics
12.1 Sampling, Frequency Distributions, and Graphs
12.2 Measures of Central Tendency
12.3 Measures of Dispersion
12.4 The Normal Distribution
12.5 Problem Solving with the Normal Distribution
12.6 Scatter Plots, Correlation, and Regression Lines

13. Mathematical Systems
13.1 Mathematical Systems
13.2 Rotational Symmetry, Groups, and Clock Arithmetic

14. Voting and Apportionment
14.1 Voting Methods
14.2 Flaws of Voting Methods
14.3 Apportionment Methods
14.4 Flaws of Apportionment Methods

15. Graph Theory
15.5 Graphs, Paths, and Circuits
15.2 Euler Paths and Euler Circuits
15.3 Hamilton Paths and Hamilton Circuits
15.4 Trees