Table of Contents

PART 1 Europe in Transition, 1300–1750

1 The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300–1453)

2 Renaissance and Discovery

3 The Age of Reformation

4 The Age of Religious Wars

5 European State Consolidation in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

6 New Directions in Thought and Culture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

7 Society and Economy Under the Old Regime in the Eighteenth Century

8 The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion

PART 2 Enlightenment and Revolution, 1700–1850

9 The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought

10 The French Revolution

11 The Age of Napoleon and the Triumph of Romanticism

12 The Conservative Order and the Challenges of Reform (1815–1832)

13 Economic Advance and Social Unrest (1830–1850)

PART 3 Toward the Modern World, 1850–1939

14 The Age of Nation-States

15 The Building of European Supremacy: Society and Politics to World War I

16 The Birth of Modern European Thought

17 The Age of Western Imperialism

18 Alliances, War, and a Troubled Peace

19 The Interwar Years: The Challenge of Dictators and Depression

PART 4 Global Conflict, Cold War, and New Directions, 1939–2012

20 World War II

21 The Cold War Era, Decolonization, and the Emergence of a New Europe

22 Social, Cultural, and Economic Challenges in the West through the Present